Euro Coop

History

The Co-operative Movement has its roots in the Lancashire textile town of Rochdale, England, where, in 1844, harsh living conditions and inadequate consumer protection - the adulteration of food by private traders was widespread - prompted 28 working men to adopt a new approach to the supply of food and other goods and the provision of social and educational facilities for ordinary working people by setting up a retail Co-operative society, the Rochdale Equitable Pioneers Society. 

These 28 Rochdale men scraped together a meagre capital and opened a shop in Toad Lane, where they sold wholesome food at reasonable prices. A share of the profit or surplus as they preferred to call it, was returned to members in proportion to their purchases - the famous Co-operative dividend or "divi". The Pioneers and other early Co-operators owed much of their inspiration to the Co-operative writings of Dr William King, a Brighton physician and philanthropist, and Robert Owen, a Welsh manufacturer and social reformer. From the decisions and practices of the Pioneers, based on the Owenite theories of Co-operation, the Rochdale Principles of Co-operation were fomulated. These included: voluntary and open membership; democratic control - one member, one vote; payment of limited interest on capital; surplus allocated in proportion to members' purchases - the dividend; and educational facilities for members and workers. 

It is not claimed that the Rochdale Pioneers Society was the very first Co-operative nor was its shop the very first Co-operative store. There were earlier societies, but even those that survived came to adopt the Rochdale pattern of Co-operation as the best means of operating a Co-operative society and fulfilling its aims. Rochdale became a model for the formation of similar Co-operative societies throughout the United Kingdom and around the World. 

The Rochdale idea of Co-operation has spread throughout the world and today there are 1 billion Co-operators in 95 countries. In 1895, the International Co-operative Alliance was established to support the development of Co-operation around the World.             

Latest News

European Parliament Seals Ban on Single-use Plastics by 2021
European Parliament Seals Ban on Single-use Plastics by 2021

On 27th March 2019, the European Parliament approved the new law banning single-use...

European Court of Auditors Report: Control System for Organic Products
European Court of Auditors Report: Control System for Organic Products

Euro Coop participates in the launch on 14.03.2019 of the EU auditors’ report:...

Common EU Food Policy: Euro Coop Contributions
Common EU Food Policy: Euro Coop Contributions

During the last two years, Euro Coop has closely followed and directly contributed to the work...

Latest Stories

Euro Coop President's Inaugural Address
Euro Coop President's Inaugural Address

As the newly elected President of Euro Coop, I am grateful for the confidence placed in me by...

A Successful Year for COOP Slovakia
A Successful Year for COOP Slovakia

The consumer co-operative retailer in Slovakia has yet another successful 12 months,...

Euro Coop Summit Sets Course 2022
Euro Coop Summit Sets Course 2022

The Association members convened on 7-8 March 2019 in Bucharest, Romania for an Extraordinary...

Translate To:

Cron Job